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古玩行2020精品推荐第2期:雍正年制粉彩树鸟花纹碗

2020-05-30 20:31:45  来源:未知

碗是人们日常必需的饮食器皿,碗的起源可追溯到新石器时代泥质陶制的碗,其形状与当今无多大区别,即口大底小,碗口宽而碗底窄,下有碗足。高度一般为口沿直径的二分之一,多为圆形,极少为方形。不断变化的只有质料,工艺水平和装饰手段。

Bowl is a daily necessary food vessel for people. The origin of bowl can be traced back to the Neolithic muddy pottery bowl. Its shape is not much different from today's, namely, large mouth and small bottom, wide bowl mouth and narrow bowl bottom with bowl feet underneath. The height is generally one-half of the diameter of the mouth edge, mostly circular and rarely square. The only things that are constantly changing are materials, workmanship and decoration.

 

“粉彩”是景德镇窑在五彩的基础上及“珐琅彩”的影响下创制成功的又一种彩瓷。它的独特之处,是在彩绘时搀加一种白色的彩料“玻璃白”。“玻璃白”具有乳浊效果,画出的图案可发挥渲染技法的特性,呈现一种粉润的感觉,因此被称为“粉彩”或“软彩”。其作法是用经过“玻璃白”粉化的各种彩料,在烧成的白釉瓷器的釉面上绘画,经第二次炉火烧烤而成。一般认为,粉彩初创于康熙晚期,盛烧于雍正、乾隆,成为清代瓷业生产的一个主要品种。直到现代,景德镇的许多瓷厂仍继续生产。

"famille rose" is another kind of colored porcelain successfully created by Jingdezhen kilns on the basis of colorful colors and under the influence of "enamel color". It is unique in that a white color material "glass white" is added to the colored drawing. "Glass White" has opacifying effect. The painted patterns can give full play to the characteristics of rendering techniques and present a feeling of powder embellishment. Therefore, it is called "pastel" or "soft color". The method is to use various colored materials pulverized by "glass white" to paint on the glaze surface of the fired white glazed porcelain, and then roast the porcelain by a second fire. It is generally believed that famille rose originated in the late Kangxi period, flourished in Yongzheng and Ganlong, and became a major variety of porcelain production in the Qing Dynasty. Until modern times, many porcelain factories in Jingdezhen continued to produce.

雍正时期被认为是清代盛世之一,其瓷器生产达到了历史最高水平,制作之精冠绝于各代。总体风格轻巧俊秀,精雅圆莹。雍正瓷器造型不同于前代,在于它一改康 熙时浑厚古拙之风,代之轻巧俊秀,典雅精致,外形线条柔和圆润。其胎体选料极精,壁薄体轻,匀称一致,仰光透视,略显淡青,呈半透明状,在纹饰上,釉下彩 中青花釉里红的制作达到极盛阶段,青花和釉里红在同一种气氛中烧成,两种色泽都十分鲜艳。

Yongzheng period is considered to be one of the prosperous times of Qing Dynasty. Its porcelain production reached the highest level in history, and its production was the best in all generations. The overall style is light and elegant, elegant and round. Yongzheng porcelain is different from the previous generation in that it has changed from the vigorous Gu Zhuo style of Kang Xi's time to light, handsome, elegant and delicate, with soft and round lines. The matrix is extremely fine in material selection, thin in wall and light in body, symmetrical and consistent, Rangoon perspective, slightly pale green and translucent. On the decoration, the production of underglaze blue and underglaze red in underglaze color has reached its peak stage. Blue and white and underglaze red are burned in the same atmosphere, and both colors are very bright.

 

此粉彩树鸟花纹碗,碗敞口,深腹,圈足。通体粉彩装饰,底部印有落款。碗身以粉彩绘制精美图案,绘画益臻精妙,设色丰富华美,色阶层次清晰。采用的画法既有严整工细刻画微妙的工笔画,又有渗入淋漓挥洒,简洁洗练的写意画,精微处,丝毫不爽;豪放处,生动活泼,底落“雍正年制”青花四字两行篆书款。整器纹饰华丽,绘工精准。观整体器型规整,釉色发色自然,字体工整,是不可多得精品观赏瓷,具有极高的市场价值和收藏价值。

This famille rose bird pattern bowl has an open mouth, a deep belly and a full circle. Full-body pastel decoration with inscription printed on the bottom. The bowl body is painted with fine patterns in pastel colors. The painting is exquisite, with rich and colorful colors and clear gradation. The painting method adopted is not only meticulous and meticulous in depicting delicate fine brushwork, but also penetrating and scattering, concise and concise in writing and drawing, which is subtle and not at all satisfactory. Bold and unconstrained, lively and lively, the bottom falls "Yongzheng year system" blue and white four-character two-line seal script. The ornamentation of the whole device is gorgeous and the painting is accurate. With regular overall shape, natural glaze color and neat font, it is a rare high-quality ornamental porcelain with extremely high market value and collection value.

 

 

 

 

 

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